What does “Kündigungsfrist” mean?
In Germany almost everything is regulated by a law. If people want to move out of their apartment there are rules and laws for that, too. If a tenant wants to move out, he or she has to tell the landlord some time ahead. For example, if someone wants to move out on the 1st of May because they’ve found a new apartment, the notice period has to be until 31 July. The legally set period of notice in Germany is 3 months. This is called “Kündigungsfrist” in German. It protects the landlord from losing money and it gives the tenant the security that after the deadline he or she doesn’t have to pay anymore rent.
Beware! If you want to move out before the deadline, you have to make sure the rent is still payed until that date.
Certainly there is the possibility to pass the apartment on to another person. Then this person pays the rent. But the landlord has to agree to the new tenant. If it is OK for him or her, the new person can move in even before the end of the 3 months period and you don’t have to pay double rent in your old and your new apartment.